The following references include technical reports, policy and regulatory documents, case studies, and other resources that are either cited within the Integration Topics or included as recommended readings.
AF-Mercados EMI. (2012). “Development of Western African Power Pool Market Design and Market Rules.” http://www.erera.arrec.org/getattachment/News-Events/News-archive/Proposed-Regional-Market-Design-and-Market-Rules/WAPP-Market-Rules-last-Final.pdf.aspx.
Association for Demand Response & Smart Grid (2013). “Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) SmartRate: Product Design Converges on Customer Experience.” http://www.demandresponsesmartgrid.org/Resources/Documents/Case%20Studies/PGE-CPP-CaseStudy_Final_13.09.07.pdf.
Bhatnager, D.; Currier, A.; Hernandez; Ma, O.; and B. Kirby (2013). “Market and Policy Barriers to Energy Storage Deployment.” Sandia National Laboratory. http://www.sandia.gov/ess/publications/SAND2013-7606.pdf.
Bird, L.; and D. Lew. (2012). “Integrating Wind and Solar Energy in the U.S. Bulk Power System: Lessons from Regional Integration Studies.” Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/55830.pdf.
California Independent System Operation (CAISO) (2015a). “California ISO Energy Imbalance Market.” http://www.caiso.com/informed/Pages/StakeholderProcesses/EnergyImbalanceMarketGovernanceDevelopment.aspx.
CAISO (2015b). "Flexible Ramping product." CAISO website. Accessed May 29, 2015, https://www.caiso.com/informed/Pages/StakeholderProcesses/FlexibleRampingProduct.aspx.
CAISO (2013). “Demand Response and Energy Efficiency Roadmap: Maximizing Preferred Resources.” http://www.caiso.com/Documents/DR-EERoadmap.pdf.
Cappers, P.; MacDonald, J.; and C. Goldman. (2013). Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services in U.S. Markets.” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6155e.pdf.
Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; and D. Arent (2012). Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed May 27, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/53732.pdf.
Crossley, D. (2013). “Effective Mechanisms to Increase the Use of Demand Side Resources.” Regulatory Assistance Project. http://www.raponline.org/document/download/id/6359.
Emissions EUETS. “Coordinated Balancing Area in the European Union Internal Electricity Market.” http://www.emissions-euets.com/internal-electricity-market-glossary/598-coordinated-balancing-area.
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) (2013). “Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering: Staff Report.” http://www.ferc.gov/legal/staff-reports/2013/oct-demand-response.pdf.
FERC (2013). “FERC Order 784: Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage Technologies.” http://www.ferc.gov/whats-new/comm-meet/2013/071813/E-22.pdf.
FERC (2012). “FERC Order No. 764.” http://www.ferc.gov/whats-new/comm-meet/2012/062112/E-3.pdf
FERC (2008). “FERC Order 719: Policy on Demand Response.” http://www.ferc.gov/whats-new/comm-meet/2008/101608/E-1.pdf.
Ferreira, C.; Gama, J.; Matias, L; Botterud, A. and J. Wang. (2010). “A Survey on Wind Power Ramp Forecasting.” Argonne National Laboratory. http://www.ipd.anl.gov/anlpubs/2011/02/69166.pdf.
French Energy Regulatory Commission (2015). Regional Coordination of Short-Term Operations: Integrating Balancing Markets. https://www.iea.org/media/workshops/2015/esapworkshopv/Montigny.pdf.
General Electric International (GE 2014). “PJM Renewable Integration Study: Task Report: Review of Industry Practice and Experience in the Integration of Wind and Solar Generation.” PJM, Exeter Associates, Inc., and General Electric International Inc. https://www.pjm.com/~/media/committees-groups/subcommittees/irs/postings/pris-task3b-best-practices-from-other-markets-final-report.ashx.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Grid Integration Studies: Data Requirements.” NREL/FS-6A20-63043. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed June 10, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63043.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into the Grid: Key Issues.” NREL/FS-6A20-63033. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed June 10, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63033.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Wind and Solar on the Power Grid: Myths and Misperceptions.” NREL/FS-6A20-63045. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63045.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Balancing Area Coordination: Efficiency Integrating Renewable Energy into the Grid.” NREL/FS-6A20-63037. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed June 10, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63037.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Practices to Reward and/or Procure System Flexibility.” NREL/FS-6A20-63040. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed June 10, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63040.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Scaling Up Renewable Energy Generation: Aligning Targets and Incentives with Grid Integration Incentives.” NREL/FS-6A20-63034. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed June 10, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63034.pdf.
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Sources of Operational Flexibility.” NREL/FS-6A20-63039. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63039.pdf
Greening the Grid. 2015. “Using Wind and Solar to Reliably Meet Electricity Demand.” NREL/FS-6A20-63038. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/63038.pdf.
International Confederation of Energy Regulators (ICER). (2012). “Report on Renewable Energy and Distributed Generation: International Case Studies on Technical and Economic Considerations.” Accessed May 27, 2015 at: http://www.naruc.org/international/Documents/ICER%20RES%20and%20DG%20Report_FINAL.pdf.
Lazar, J. (2013). “Rate Design Where Advanced Metering Infrastructure Has Not Been Fully Deployed.” Regulatory Assistance Project. www.raponline.org/document/download/id/6516.
Lew, D. et al. (2013). "The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2." National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed May 29, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy13osti/55588.pdf.
Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Piwko, R. (2011). “The Value of Wind Power Forecasting.” National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy11osti/50814.pdf.
Makarov, Y.V. et al. (2010). Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. http://www.pnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-19229.pdf.
Makarov Y.V. et al. (2010). Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. http://www.pnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-19189.pdf.
Mercados (2010). “Load Dispatch and System Operation Study for Central Asian Power System.” http://www.carecprogram.org/uploads/events/2010/SOM-Oct/Diagnostic-Study-CAREC-Energy-Strategy-Pillar2-Full-Report.pdf.
Milligan, M et al. (2013). “Examination of Potential Benefits of an Energy Imbalance Market in the Western Interconnection.” National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy13osti/57115.pdf.
Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO) (2010 – present). “MISO Dispatchable Intermittent Resources Program.” https://www.misoenergy.org/WhatWeDo/StrategicInitiatives/Pages/WindIntegration.aspx.
National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (2010). “Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response.” Prepared by Charles Goldman (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), Michael Reid (E Source), Roger Levy, and Alison Silverstein. http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/documents/suca/ee_and_dr.pdf.
North American Reliability Council (NERC) (2011). “Ancillary Service and Balancing Authority Area Solutions to Integrate Variable Generation.” http://www.nerc.com/files/ivgtf2-3.pdf.
NERC (2011). “North American Electric Reliability Corporation. Operating Practices, Procedures, and Tools.” Accessed May 27, 2015, http://www.nerc.com/files/IVGTF2-4.pdf.
NERC (2010). “NERC IVGTF Task 2.1 Report Variable Generation Power Forecasting for Operations.” http://www.nerc.com/docs/pc/ivgtf/Task2-1(5.20).pdf.
NERC (2010). “Variable Generation Power Forecasting for Operations.” http://www.nerc.com/docs/pc/ivgtf/Task2-1(5.20).pdf.
Parks, K.; Wan, Y-H.; Wiener, G.; and Y. Liu (2011). Wind Energy Forecasting: A Collaboration of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and Xcel Energy.” National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/52233.pdf.
Pelland, S.; Remund, J.; Kleissl, J.; Oozeki, T.; and K. De Brabandere (2013). “Photovoltaic and Solar Forecasting.” International Energy Agency. http://www.iea-pvps.org/index.php?id=1&eID=dam_frontend_push&docID=1690.
PJM (2013 - 2015). “Ancillary Services website.” Accessed May 31, 2015, http://www.pjm.com/markets-and-operations/ancillary-services.aspx.
Porter, K. et al. (2012). “PJM Renewable Integration Study: Task Report: Review of Industry Practice and Experience in the Integration of Wind and Solar Generation.” PJM, Exeter Associates, Inc., and General Electric International Inc. https://www.pjm.com/~/media/committees-groups/subcommittees/irs/postings/pris-task3b-best-practices-from-other-markets-final-report.ashx.
Schwartz, L. et al. (2012). “Meeting Renewable Energy Targets in the West at Least Cost: The Integration Challenge.” Western Governors’ Association. http://westgov.org/images/dmdocuments/RenewableEnergyTargets2012-13.pdf.
Southwest Power Pool (2014). “2013 State of the Market-Southwest Power Pool (SPP) Market Monitoring Unit.” http://www.spp.org/publications/2013 SPP State of the Market Report.pdf.
Widiss, R. and K. Porter (2013 - 2014). “A Review of Variable Generation Forecasting in the West.” Exeter Associates, Inc. for National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed May 29, 2015, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/61035.pdf.
Xiaochen, W.; Guo, P.; Huang, X. (2011). “A Review of Wind Power Forecasting Models.” International Conference on Smart Grid and Clean Energy. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610211019291.