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Based on a series of interviews with thirteen operating entities in the Western Interconnection of the United States, this report summarizes practices, lessons learned, and priorities related to the implementation of wind and solar forecasting. The operating entities provided insights regarding cost assignment, forecasting accuracy and uses, data collection, curtailment and outages, probabilistic forecasting, distributed solar production, control room integration, and staff training, among other topics.
Located in Integration Topics / Forecasting / Forecasting folder
This review examines several wind power forecasting models, including Wind Power Management System, Wind Power Prediction Took, Prediktor, ARMINES, and Previento. These models use physical, statistical, and hybrid methodologies. The authors examine the accuracy of the models and possible causes of error.
Located in Integration Topics / Forecasting / Forecasting folder
This report examines wind forecasting of wind ramp events and possible metrics to evaluate ramps. The authors compare existing methodologies, including event detection and regression, to assess such ramps and find that additional work is needed to develop forecasting methodologies that are more accurate.
Located in Integration Topics / Forecasting / Forecasting folder
This report examines the three forms of active power controls that wind may be able to support, including synthetic inertial control, primary frequency control, and automatic generation control regulation. These controls contribute ancillary services to the power system. The study analyzes millisecond timeframes to characterize the impact of using wind to provide active power controls on the lifetimes of large wind plants as well as on the broader power system. The authors explore the implications of active power controls on economics and power system engineering control design. They conclude that wind may earn additional revenue and reduce production costs to consumers by providing power control services, and that market design, reliability criteria, and engineering design will impact future opportunities for wind generators to provide these services.
Located in Integration Topics / Ancillary Services / Ancillary Services folder
This study explores technologies that can provide control of active power output from wind power. The study assesses how active power control technologies impact production costs, wind power revenue streams, and the overall reliability and security of the power system. The authors find that wind turbines have great potential to provide automatic power controls. However, careful market and control system design will be needed to realize these benefits.
Located in Integration Topics / System Operations Improvements / System Operations Improvements folder
The Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) commissioned this study of the ancillary services requirements for its system to accommodate up to 15,000 MW of wind energy. The Study evaluates and makes recommendations related to the methodology used by ERCOT to determine ancillary service needs; estimates the impacts of wind generation on the costs of ancillary services; and identifies changes to procedures related to severe weather conditions. ERCOT re-evaluated—and largely validated—the results of this study in a 2013 update.
Located in Integration Topics / Grid Integration Studies / Grid Integration Studies folder
Video Australia’s Landmark Renewable Integration Study
Sponsored by EPRI/ESIG/AEMO/NREL, this webinar discusses the Renewable Integrated Study (RIS) for the Australian National Electricity Market (NEM) as it evaluates challenges with the integration of high penetrations of renewable energy resources. This webinar was held on June 1, 2020 at 5:00 p.m. EDT.
Located in Trainings / Webinars
This study analyzes the ability of the Eastern Interconnection of the United States, one of the largest power systems in the world, to accommodate high penetrations of wind and solar power. Using advanced modeling and computing techniques, the project team simulated the large-scale adoption of wind and solar energy at a temporal resolution up to 5 minutes. The study represents the cutting-edge of power system modeling, employing a high spatial resolution to include all synchronous components of the Eastern Interconnection. Results suggest that the Eastern Interconnection can reliably integrate upwards of 30% variable renewable energy in the power mix. However, meeting the 30% target will require increased balancing area coordination, incentives for transmission and generation to provide necessary ancillary services, and increased flexibility of traditional generators. In addition to the technical report, the full dataset as well as animations showing net interchange for two study scenarios are available for free download.
Located in Integration Topics / Grid Integration Studies / Grid Integration Studies folder
This study summarizes the results of an in-depth modeling of the U.S. Eastern Interconnection, wind integration study, and transmission analysis. The study examines various technical issues under a 20% wind integration scenario. Section 5 examines power system regulation and balancing, and Section 6 explores impacts on systems operation. The report assesses ancillary services that provide both spinning and nonspinning reserves and offer frequency response, balancing, and system security.
Located in Integration Topics / Ancillary Services / Ancillary Services folder
The Eastern Wind Integration Transmission Study examines the operational impact of up to 20-30% wind energy penetration in the Eastern Interconnection, one of the three synchronous grids in the contiguous United States. The study addresses a variety of issues related to wind energy and transmission development, including the costs, impacts, and enabling mechanisms (e.g., geographic diversity, forecasting, operating reserves) associated with significant wind penetration. A follow-on study, the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, is anticipated to be released in winter, 2015.
Located in Integration Topics / Grid Integration Studies / Grid Integration Studies folder
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